Umpiring Made Easy

A book cover with a baseball player and another person

Umpiring Made Easy

A book cover with a baseball player and another person

First off, there is no better way to get quick cash in your pocket than umpiring. A part-time weekend gig, you can't beat officiating the great game of baseball. For one thing, you’ve got the best seat in the house—except you have to stand.

For Bren, age 11, who jumped on the chance to call ball, this was a no-brainer. Signing up for a few meetings at KWAA (Kingswood Athletic Association) in West Omaha to what you’d call a mini-umpire camp, Brendan was behind the plate in no time. Run by a young 20-something umpire Jason with more than a few games under his belt, approximately 25 would-be umps spent two days in the gym and then two in Dave and Sharon Ernst’s make-shift ball field. They were more than a some excited to put a some cash in their pockets.

However, mini-camp is not enough if you want to jump into the $40/game circuit of travel team and tournament ball. Showing up for two-hour Sunday afternoon umpire meetings at “Denny’s Church” in the Omaha suburb of Ralston will get you earning a few thousand dollars over the summer for part time work.

Dropping down a flight of stairs to the churches basement, you will listen to Denny as well as two former Metro Umpire protégé’s on occasion, Roy and Bill, who took things ump-wise a big step further. They are now officiating baseball on the double AA circuit.

Because Jones is the umpire assigner for virtually all the baseball games in the Omaha Metro area, everything from rec ball to the travel team Slumpbuster tournament that takes place about the same time the CWS (College World Series) is in town, you’ll be able to umpire more youth baseball games than you could ever imagine. Chip in $35 to get in on the Metro website, and serious umpire summer work is guaranteed.

Now, while I’m the first to gripe—I mean, meetings where the main course is listening to “balk” or “interference” or “obstruction” discussions—I do remember hearing veteran umpire Jerry say, “When it’s a can of corn.”

I perked up. “Can of corn? Now what the heck could that possibly mean? Suddenly, I realized that there may well be a baseball lingo, a language I was not familiar with, yet every ump knew. (A "can of corn" in baseball is when someone catches a pop-up ball. The can of corn got its name back when merchants always used to put cans of corn up on the top shelf (reason unknown) and they had to use something to knock it down and then they caught it.)

Still, there’s got to be something faster and easier than sitting through 20+ hours of meetings from January to March. Meanwhile, have umpiring be a fun time for Bren, not a parent-yelling hassle.

I mean, it doesn’t matter if the players are 9-years-old, just starting baseball; parents and coaches take each game seriously. The pressure on umpires is often true: be a 100 per cent then make steady improvements.

So, to help out, jot a few things down. Yet, this is much tougher than I thought. Only after I watched fellow umps, watched Bren umpire T-ball, dissected my own games, what went right, what went wrong, did my notes become a book. A lucky break? Break it down to plate and base mechanics. As school administrator, I explored the How-to of successful teacher behaviors in the classroom. This became the How-to of successful umpire behaviors at the game.

Plate Mechanics 101

  • At the plate meeting, 5 minutes before game time, tell the coaches, “Coach, I’ve got a wide zone. Not crazy wide, but wide.”

  • If you think it’s a strike, it probably is.

  • Strikes and outs get you home.

The How-to

  • Get set

  • Track the pitch

  • Make the call

Next, given that 2/3rds of the time, for the base umpire, it’s a ground ball to short. This becomes the How-To for the successful base umpire. The first play in the infield belongs to them.

A group of people standing around in the grass.

Base Mechanics 101

  • Two or three quick steps to get the angle

  • Use P2R (Pause, Read, React)

  • Let the throw take you to the play

  • Make the safe or out call

These are the basics of plate and base mechanics you will use every time, every game. Before long, plate and base mechanics become part of your muscle memory.

Time is on Your Side; Yes, It Is

Then, as I dug deeper into the How-to of diamond success, watching other umps, I realized that baseball has no scoreboard of periods or quarters that start and stop. The umpire (amateur umps are called Blue) has the only clock:

  • He starts the game.

  • He ends the game for youth baseball at 1:50 (one hour and 50 minutes).

  • He can call time.

  • He can grant time.

A simple mechanic. He just raises his right hand:

  • He points to the pitcher and says, “Play.”

  • He holds the hand up and says, “Time.”

Indeed, when Plate Blue’s in the grid, the groove, he’s the conductor of the symphony orchestra in the Field of Dreams.

A baseball player swinging at the ball during a game.

The OBR (Official Baseball Rules); A First Look

What a strong power-grid, I realized, Blue’s ability to start, stop the game. Then, looking at the OBR, Rule 4, “Starting and Ending a Game,” I read that when the lineup cards are exchanged, the Umpire-in-Chief, usually the plate umpire, takes control.

This was a revelation and a blessing. It was up to my partner and me how the game would be conducted. For instance, if it started to rain, I could say, along with my partner, when play would stop, play would resume, game canceled, etc.

On the other hand, if I didn’t like the way the coach or player was acting, I could toss them. Blue Power also extended to the stands. If there were hecklers, boo-birds, they also could be ejected.

Of course, you can’t have rabbit ears, listening to sideline chatter from fans. However, you want to have, as the OBR puts it, “Proper conduct of the game.”

Great Game Gear Up—Sell the call

On close plays, especially for the base umpire, U2, called “bang-bang” or “banger,” in baseball speak, you sell the call. Make it with confidence, make it with pride. If you look like you know what you’re doing, give the call with certainty, with a splash of bad cop, coaches and fans back off.

They give you the benefit of the doubt.

Plus, it helps to look like an umpire…from top to bottom. Everything from your shoes to your cap.

A group of baseball players standing on top of a field.

Gear Needed

Don’t scrimp; make the investment:

  • Light Helmet

  • Chest protector

  • Shin guards

  • Hard-soled shoes for plate

  • Ball bags

  • Protective cup

  • Throat guard

  • Indicator

Umpire gear might run you close to $200. However, if you’ve got six games for the weekend, you’ve covered the costs. Plus, as a private contractor, all of this, along with meals and mileage, can be deducted.

Now, before we dive in into the mechanic’s nitty-gritty, let’s look at a few actions that set you above the rest.

High FL (Frequency Level) — stripping the mask

  • Working the plate, you might find yourself stripping the mask whenever you have to bust out to cover R1 to 1B. This is when the batter becomes the batter-runner.

  • Yep, the play at 1B is U2’s call but you are back up.

  • Sometimes, working rec leagues, for e.g., you are the only umpire.

High and Inside

Always use your left hand. Leave the right hand free to make the out call.


  • Strip when you’re following the line-drive screamer down the 1st or 3rd fair-foul line.

  • Strip when you have to get coverage for the fly ball when U2 is the A position (explained on pg. 3).

  • Foul ball in either direction.

High and Inside

If you feel like the regular cap you have is too long to easily strip, get one for the plate—it has a shorter bill.

In general, the drill for stripping the mask is easy. It becomes automatic:


  • Pull down

  • Pull out and over your head

Again, always use your left hand to strip the mask. The right hand is for throwing the hammer, the “You’re out” call.

High and Inside

Never wear your cap backwards. Always look professional, never amateur.

Dressing for success

Top Tip:  Bring along a small folding chair to sit on while you gear up in the parking lot.

Below is a list of umpire shirts, typical buying sequence, as you update your wardrobe on the Little League diamond:


  • Navy—dark blue

  • Powder blue

  • Black

  • Red

  • Cream colored

Top Tip: Many umps have all the shirt colors. Try to make contact the day before, decide what colors you’ll wear. If no contact, just have all the colors on hand. Shirt match-up is easy.

Slacks are usually gray or dark gray.

By now, you are dressed for success!

Drills/Responsibilities at a Glance

Arrival time (get there 30 minutes early)

Field Inspection—boundaries, fences, screens

Proper Markings—foul lines, home plate

Check equipment (high school varsity contests)

Check batting orders (tournaments, high school varsity contests)

Responsible for the conduct of the game

Maintains discipline and order

Announces “Play”

Game Responsibilities

Stands behind the plate

Calls balls and strikes

Calls fair/foul (not covered by field umpire)

Makes all decisions on the batter

Makes decisions on the bases

Meet plate umpire’s call for “Time”

Aid plate umpire in every manner

No runners on base in the A Position


Catch or no catch

In play or out of play

Awarding bases

Angle over distance

Positioning of hands

Get a good line of sight

Visualize the strike zone

Wearing proper gear


Exit the ballpark with your partner. Say thank you if told by coaches or fans you did a good job.

Ignore negative comments; keep walking to your car. Leave by the winning team’s dugout.